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Lighting : Whos Who of Lighting 2008
20 Who's Who of Lighting April 2008 In a historic move, the new Federal Government of Australia ratified its commitment to targets outlined in the Kyoto Protocol -- that is, to reduce emissions by 60 per cent on 2000 levels by 2050. The Government has said it will establish a national emissions trading scheme by 2010 and set a 20 per cent target for renewable energy by 2020. But it has remained quiet on how it will drive the vast emissions cuts possible in the built environment through energy efficiency and sustainable design measures. At the recent Bali conference, held as part of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), a draft was agreed upon which spelt out the need for developed countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol to cut their emissions by between 25 per cent and 40 per cent by 2020. The Government has said it won't make any announcement on nearer-term targets until it receives the Garnaut Review, a study it commissioned whilst still in Opposition and which is due for completion by mid-2008. According to some, the built environment has a vital role to play if Australia is to reach these Kyoto targets. A recent report by The Australian Sustainable Built Environment Council (ASBEC) found that almost a quarter of Australia's total greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions are a result of energy demand in the building sector. Some say the figure is closer to 40 per cent if you include construction, operation, maintenance and demolition. To date, the property sector in Australia has taken on the majority of the risk and cost of building 'greener' buildings and this situation may not change under the new carbon trading regime. The emissions trading scheme being considered for adoption does not include energy efficiency measures as carbon offsets thereby eliminating the participation of property asset owners, managers, and large office tenancies. With the latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stating that Governments only have a few years to avert some of the worst impacts, it makes the case even stronger for driving energy efficiency measures as they can make cuts in emission now at relatively low cost. Based on benchmarking carried out in Australia using commercial buildings, modelling shows that high value carbon credits of A$34 per ton of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) could realistically achieve a carbon zero position in buildings at nil cost. This finding was included in a report released earlier this year by Lend Lease, Lincolne Scott and Advanced Engineering, entitled "Emissions Trading & The Built Environment". Here, the writers of the report and other proponents of energy efficient lighting design discuss what the future may look like for the green building industry. Political shift Under the toughest scenario considered by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), ghgs would have to peak by 2015 to limit global temperature rises to 2 to 2.4 degrees over pre-industrial times. The European Union says 2 degrees will be a threshold for "dangerous" changes, and even with temperature rises of below 2 degrees, the IPCC projects more bushfires, more deaths from heatwaves, floods and droughts and more malnutrition in Africa. Interestingly, this Fourth Assessment Report of IPCC Working Group III found a potential to cut approximately 30 per cent off the world's projected baseline emissions from the residential and commercial sectors by 2020, cost effectively. That's 3.2 billion tonnes with a positive net return on investment. There was high level agreement among the report's authors and much evidence to support this finding. "Our experience across a portfolio of 700,000m2 (of commercial property) supports this finding too," said Craig Roussac, general manager sustainability, safety & environment with Investa Property Group. Achim Steiner, UN under-secretary general and UN Environment Program executive director, recently said, "By some conservative estimates, the building sector world-wide could deliver emission reductions of 1.8 billion tonnes of CO2-e." As a sign of his commitment to addressing climate change, new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd attended the recent UNFCCC conference in Bali, where important progress was made on a draft deal that will lead to new climate change agreements following on from Kyoto, to come into force by 2012. But, according to Lend Lease's global head of sustainability, Maria Atkinson, there did not seem to be FEATURE By Paula Wallace THE IMPORTANT ROLE OF LIGHTING IN THE "CARBON ECONOMY"
Media Kit 2009