Lighting : LIGHTING Jun-July 2018
12 LIGHTING MAGAZINE | June/July 2018 June/July 2018 | LIGHTING MAGAZINE 13 ANDRÉ TAMMES André Tammes is a Visual Planner and has been working in lighting for the last 55 years. With a background in the theatre, he has brought his passion for visual drama across to the world of architectural lighting design and is a passionate advocate for urban lighting masterplanning. Why do you think urban lighting masterplanning is so vital? The alternative is visual anarchy. It’s my belief that cities are very much like stages. They have a largely fixed scenic background and a peripatetic audience that weaves its way through. Lighting masterplanning, when done well, creates a lucid visual impression of the town or city. A fundamental of lighting masterplanning lies in the recognition that all sources of light contribute to the overall effect, it only takes one badly-located security floodlight to damage an otherwise well-composed night-time image. PENNY JONES A coherent lighting masterplan can bring a sense of visual unity to an urban area and minimise lighting conflicts. Developing them, however, is not common practice so Lighting Magazine caught up with three experts to get their take on their benefits, pitfalls and impact. FEATURE Sydney City Council’s building floodlighting policy states that (with a few exceptions) there should be no floodlighting of building façades but top lighting is acceptable. This panorama of Sydney at night looks alluring because the light leaving the windows indicates that the buildings are alive with the patterns changing as lights are switched on and off. Viewing the city across the slightly disturbed waters of the harbour creates broadened reflections of colour most of which can be traced back to windows or to topping lighting or building names. Credit: Dr Yang Yun, Shanghai. Spotlight on urban lighting masterplanning How long have you been involved in lighting masterplanning? I’ve been involved in about a dozen lighting masterplans across six countries. I did the UK’s first lighting masterplan in Edinburgh in 1984 and I think it’s safe to say that, at the time, there was only one other happening in the world and that was in Lyon. Since then, I’ve seen the whole process accelerate. There is now a global organisation called LUCI (Lighting Urban Community International), which connects cities who have initiated lighting masterplans. Where have you seen lighting masterplanning done well? Lyon, in France, has invested substantially in a 30-year lighting programme to attract visitors to the city at night and thereby enhanced its night time economy. It presents a unified picture of its buildings, structures, bridges, monuments, waterscapes and landscapes to its visitors and inhabitants. Singapore has also done it well. If you walk around the bay area and look back onto the city skyline, you can see an identifiable pattern and a measure of control. What happens when there has been no conscious effort put into the overall lighting design? You’ll encounter situations where the different functions of lighting come into conflict with each other creating eyesores, areas of gloom, areas of excessively bright light and an urban nightscape that lacks visual cogency. It is paradoxical that in most cities the majority of physical aspects are subject to planning legislation and consent procedures whilst lighting, the element that reveals and shapes the presentation of the city at night, is rarely included in the planning procedure.
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