Lighting : Lighting February 2015 - Vol 35 Issue 1
42 LIGHTING MAGAZINE | February/March 2015 ChiNeSe goverNmeNt to eNd fiNaNCial aidS to led makerS China’s State Council (central government) has ordered its subordinate agencies and local governments to stop offering subsidies and tax incentives for China-based LED epitaxial wafer and chip makers because such offering has disrupted market mechanisms and may violate WTO rules, leading to international trade disputes, according to LED industry sources in Taiwan. Government subsidies and tax incentives have led to China-based LED wafer and chip makers’ large-scale expansion of production capacities, resulting in overcapacity and consequently aggravating price-cut competition, the sources said. China-based San’an Optoelectronics, Xiamen Changelight and HC SemiTek are the three largest recipients of government subsidies, the sources indicated. For example, Xiamen City Government has offered a subsidy of CNY1 billion (US$163 million) plus orders worth CNY3 billion for San’an and thus the company has planned to invest CNY10 billion to add 200 MOCVD sets, the sources said. San’an has placed an order for 50 MOCVD sets with US-based Veeco Instruments and another 50 sets with Germany-based Aixtron SE, the sources noted. The termination of government subsidies and tax incentives is expected to curb capacity expansion by China-based makers and consequently supply and demand of LED chips may return to balance in 2015, the sources indicated. – Digitimes NeW publiCatioNS Book Review HUMAN FACTORS IN LIGHTING (THIRD EDITION) Peter R Boyce CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2014, 681 +xxi pages, many mono illustrations ISBN 978-1 -4398-7488-2 (paper back) Price from publisher £39.99 This is the third edition of Peter’s seminal book and it’s the third time that I’ve reviewed it. Peter comments in the preface that when he completed the second edition in 20021 that he didn’t expect to be doing a third so soon “but events have made it a necessity.” I expected one of the events to be LEDs but they are mentioned in the preface as consequence of others. So, what were the events? The first was the fact that lighting accounts for a significant proportion of the use of electricity, resulting in increasing demands for that use to be reduced by making lighting more efficient and its application more effective. The second “is the increased public enthusiasm for the natural environment” resulting in night time lighting being seen by many as a pollutant. He points out that those concerned with global warming and with preserving the environment have little interest in lighting, per se, but “are driven by a desire to reduce the collateral damage it can cause.” So, the third edition is precated on providing an up-to- date and comprehensive overview of the effects of lighting on people’s lives.
Lighting December 2014 - Vol 34 Issue 6
Lighting April 2015 - Vol 35 Issue 2